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Observing Romney’s Faith


It will be small consolation for the anti-Mormon evangelical elite that Newt Gingrich captured the evangelical vote in Florida yesterday: The margin over the Mormon candidate was a mere two points...or maybe not. Anyway, if you want to see what gives them the willies, take a look at the end of Reuters' recent story on the current Mormon moment:

"There have been discussions at LDS church headquarters about both the positive and negative aspects of Romney's presidential bid," a person briefed on the talks said. "One concern is that Romney's campaign could further energize evangelical antipathy toward the church. Another concern is that he could take positions that would complicate the church's missionary efforts in the U.S. or other countries such as in Central and South America."

But on the positive side, the person said, "having a Mormon president could raise the church's profile and legitimize it in other countries."

Given the utter ineffectuality of that pro-Santorum conclave in Texas before the South Carolina primary, it's got to be clear to the aspirational leaders of the religious right that, for the greater good of White House access in a hoped-for Republican administration, the time for reaching out to the Romney campaign has come. Not that we can expect to hear much about it.

What we can expect is renewed scrutiny of the Mormon faith of the man who may just have locked himself in as presumptive GOP nominee. In a new New York Magazine profile, Frank Rich points to it as the "key to the Romney mystery"--which mystery is, of course, Who is this guy? For an insider's glimpse of Romney the church official, there's this reminiscence by Utah State professor Philip Barlow, who served as one of his two counselors when Romney was bishop of the LDS ward in Cambridge, Mass.

For his part, Rich doesn't turn the key very far. He dismisses "Faith in America," the Kennedy-ish speech Romney delivered at the George H.W. Bush Library four years ago, as "memorable only for the number of times it named Romney’s own faith: once." That's not true, however. The speech is memorable, or should be, for a sketch of American religious history that only a member of his sometime oppressed religious minority could give:

"Today's generations of Americans have always known religious liberty. Perhaps we forget the long and arduous path our nation's forbearers took to achieve it. They came here from England to seek freedom of religion. But upon finding it for themselves, they at first denied it to others. Because of their diverse beliefs, Ann Hutchinson was exiled from Massachusetts Bay, a banished Roger Williams founded Rhode Island, and two centuries later, Brigham Young set out for the West. Americans were unable to accommodate their commitment to their own faith with an appreciation for the convictions of others to different faiths. In this, they were very much like those of the European nations they had left.

"It was in Philadelphia that our founding fathers defined a revolutionary vision of liberty, grounded on self evident truths about the equality of all, and the inalienable rights with which each is endowed by his Creator.

"We cherish these sacred rights, and secure them in our Constitutional order. Foremost do we protect religious liberty, not as a matter of policy but as a matter of right. There will be no established church, and we are guaranteed the free exercise of our religion.

Of course, Brigham Young set out for the West well after the Constitution order had defined its religious vision. And from time to time, Americans continue to have difficulty accommodating their commitment to their own faith with an appreciation for the convictions of others of different faiths. As premier Islamophobe Pamela Geller recently noted, about the only place where Romney has not flipflopped is minority religious rights (OK, she said "jihad and Islam"). Indeed, if he does secure the nomination, it's going to be a lot harder for Republicans to play the anti-Muslim card than it was in 2010. 

Topics: Politics, Election
Beliefs: Mormon
Tags: mormonism, republicans, romney


  1. Pretty fascinating that Romney held his own with Evangelicals in Florida.  Would be interesting to understand why.  Was Mitt’s media blitz that effective?  Are Evangelicals more pragmatic that we imagined (they’ll vote for the guy they think will win the nomination over “principles” ie. never vote for those non-Christian Mormons no matter what)?  Or are Evangelicals in Florida just different than Evangelicals everywhere else?

    No matter how you view the likelihood of it happening, if Romney were to gain the White House, religious minorities—which seems like anyone of faith these days—would have a friend in Mitt.  Even with his fairly hawkish pro-Israel stance, which may seem to some as anti-Muslim, It’s in Romney’s DNA to fight tooth and nail any policy or legislation that would limit religious freedom in this country.

  2. I agree.  The narrative of the founding decades of Mormonism is about severe religious persecution, both from individuals and from the governments of the states and the US. The names of presidents Martin Van Buren and James Buchanan are mud in Mormon history, the first because he told Joseph Smith, who had traveled to the White House to appeal for intervention from the Federal government against the Missouri “extermination” order and their loss of property, “Your cause is just, but I can do nothing for you.  If I did, I would lose the votes of Missouri.”  The latter, because he mobilized one third of the US Army on an expedition to put down an alleged rebellion in Utah that was utter fiction. 

    Despite the hostility or neglect of governments, the Mormon teachings about government have special praise for democracy and the importance of religious liberty on an equal basis for all, regardless of their beliefs.  The U.S. Constitution is an instrument created by “wise men” who were “raised up by God”  to create a system of government that could defend religious liberty, and the Latter-day Saints are enjoined to support the Constitution and the laws that are consistent with it.  Mormons are taught to elect candidates who are honest, just and wise, regardless of their religion. 

    Far from the paranoid notion that Mormons are seeking to establish a theocracy, which crops up in the pages of The New Republic and other liberal publications, the real political goal of every Mormon is a very solid freedom of religious belief and of action springing from that belief within a democratic polity.

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